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    Perfect materials, Perfect products

    Providing Advanced HIP Technical Solutions

     

  • Company Profile

    Regarding customer demand as the guide, HIPEX has set up Hot Isostatic Pressing(HIP)treatment service centers in Zhuozhou, Zhenjiang, Qingdao and Weinan cities. HIPEX is committed to providing professional HIP treatment service and technical solutions to high-end customers.

    Professional HIP Treatment Service

    Max diameter: 1315mm,Max length: 2500mm,Max Temperature: 2000℃,Max pressure: 200MPa

  • Company Profile

    HIPEX is a wholly-owned subsidiary of CISRI Group, headquartered in the core area of Zhongguancun Park, Beijing.

     

    CISRI is the earliest institution engaged in the R&D of Hot Isostatic Pressing technology in China, which has comprehensive advantages and rich practical experience in the application of HIP technology. Over the years, CISRI has undertaken the HIP processing business of high-end products in various fields, which has played a supporting and guaranteeing role in the quality of important industrial products in China and made important contributions to the development of the national economy.

     

    Insisting on the more than 60 years technology accumulation of in CISRI, HIPEX now owns China's advanced HIP technology and NADCAP certified HIP Engineering Technology Research Center. We are committed to providing professional HIP technology, service and solutions to high-end customers around the world.

    Hot Isostatic Pressing Expert

  • Production Bases

    High-tech product R&D center, high-tech innovation center, super - high - precision products manufacturing center.

    HIPEX currently has 8 sets of HIP equipment, has a leading processing capacity in China. In line with the purpose of "serving customers", 4 more service centers are under construction, aiming to provide high efficiency, high quality and cost-effective production and processing solutions for national customers.

  • Zhuozhou Service Center

    HIPEX1250

    1250℃ 135MPa

    Working Zone Size: Φ1315mm*2000mm

    HIPEX850

    1350℃ 170PMa

    Working Zone Size: Φ750mm*2500mm

    HIPEX750

    1300℃ 140MPa

    Working Zone Size: Φ640mm*1170mm

    HIPEX400

    1550℃ 170MPa

    Working Zone Size: Φ340mm*800mm

  • Qualification

    Complete aerospace management system and qualification.

    Qualified supplier of international advanced aviation enterprises

  • Technology Introduction

    What is HIP?

    A special heat treatment process for improving the quality of materials

       Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) is a special heat treatment process for metal or ceramic materials, which is a means to produce high-performance materials. The technology can be used for powder metallurgy molding , densification of the molded castings or 3D-printed products, or diffusion bonding of two or more different materials. After HIP treatment, the wear resistance, corrosion resistance and mechanical properties of the material will be greatly improved, and the fatigue life can be increased by 10~100 times.


    Processing characteristics:

    • High Temperature - reach up to 2000℃

    • High Pressure – reach up to 200 MPa

    • Isostatic Pressure - Using inert gas as the pressure transfer medium, and the same pressure is applied evenly to the surface of the parts from all directions

    Main application material system:

    Superalloy, titanium alloy, aluminum alloy, copper alloy, refractory metal, hard alloy, stainless steel, corrosion resistant alloy, ceramics, composite materials, electronic materials, functional materials, etc.

    Why use HIP?

    Greatly improves the mechanical properties of the material and increases its fatigue life by 10~100 times

       As we all know, any materials have a certain fatigue life, could not be indefinitely used. There are two fundamental reasons for material failure. One is composition changes in the internal structure of the material. The new composition cannot achieve the appropriate performance, and the material immediately fails. Another more common reason is the internal residual impurities, tiny cracks, voids, residual stresses etc. in materials, to form the performance break point, which we call “material defects”. When materials work, such as the high temperature circulation loop, the stress concentration effects at the location of the performance break point, eventually make the material fracture failures. So far, none of the traditional molding methods can directly eliminate the residual defects in the material, and the subsequent processing is always needed.

     

       Of course, in a normal working environment, there is no need to put forward excessive requirements on the performance of the material. Some defects are allowed as long as they do not affect the use of the material. But in some special working environment, such as aircraft engines, nuclear reactors, gas turbine, offshore oil exploitation, and so forth, the material need to bear high temperature, pressure, amplitude or corrosive environment. On this occasion, very high material performance are required, in addition to high strength, toughness, corrosion resistance, high stability is necessary. At this point, it becomes particularly important to eliminate the internal defects of the material.

     

         As a special metal heat treatment process, HIP now is the most effective heat treatment method to eliminate the internal defects of materials, and it is also the material forming method to minimize the internal defects of materials. Therefore, it becomes a routine processing procedure for key parts in various fields worldwide.

    According to the needs of products to be processed, HIP treatment services can be divided into the following THREE categories:

    DENSIFICATION

    Eliminate internal defects and achieve theoretical density

    DIFFUSION BONDING

    Integration of two or more different metals

    HIP-Near Net Shape

    HIP Near net shape powder molding, high performance, cost effective

    • DENSIFICATION

    Eliminate internal defects and achieve theoretical density

       

       During the service process of the material, the residual pores and tiny cracks in the material are not only the fracture initiation points, but also the wear and corrosion initiation points. In aircraft engine, nuclear reactor, gas turbine and other complex working environment, the material fracture failure will cause very serious consequences. After the HIP treatment, the internal structure of the material densifies, all pores and defects disappear, forming a uniform and dense texture, which greatly improves the wear-resistance, corrosion resistance, mechanical properties and fatigue strength of the material.

     

       In the casting process, due to the uneven temperature diffusion of the material during cooling, internal porosity, segregation, shrinkage cavity, microcrack and other inherent defects of the process will be produced, which will reduce the material mechanical properties, service life and stability. Similarly, in metal injection molding and 3D printing processes, there are also problems such as loose internal structure of materials, residual defects and internal stresses.

     

       HIP densification processing refers to putting the castings, MIMs, 3D-printed products, or other products with defects inside, in the HIP fuanace, by inert gas as the transmission medium, exert the high temperature, high pressure and isostatic pressure on their surface. Such exertion force products deformed under the solid phase, on the atomic diffusion level, pore and tiny crack thus disappear. Due to the elimination of the material internal fracture initiation point (stress concentration point), the overall performance of products are greatly improved.

     

    • Internal defect elimination -- shrinkage porosity, shrinkage cavity, segregation, etc.
    • Greatly enhance the fatigue life -- 10~100 times
    • Improve ductility and fracture toughness
    • Reach the theoretical density
    • Improve the wear resistance, corrosion resistance
    • Eliminate residual stress in the material
     

       In recent years, with the overall improvement of product quality, the densification processing business has gradually expanded to more civilian areas. Uphold the responsibility of a leading enterprise,HIPEX persist in pursuing the largest processing capacity and processing range, to provide customers with the most cutting-edge technology and the most reliable quality of service.

    • DIFFUSION BONDING

    Integration of two or more different metals

       In industrial manufacturing, engineers often bond different materials together to get the best combination of material properties. However, the conventional welding method is often unable to achieve or the effect is not good, especially for the joint of irregular parts or large parts. Through the application of high temperature and high pressure, hot isostatic pressing can realize the diffusion connection between two or more kinds of metal materials or ceramic materials at the atomic level, so that a variety of materials are integrated. Compared with other connection technologies, the interface of the two materials is tightly bonded without defects, and the properties of the junction are indistinguishable from the base material.

    • When connecting same materials, no liquid phase present throughout the process. The interface bonding strength is equivalent to the base metal, the interface can achieve good metallurgical bonding.
    • When connecting different materials, the interface performance is not lower than the lower one of the two materials
    • Connecting parts with complex shapes and achieving precise shape control
    • Connecting multiple parts in one process
    • Quickly achieve a large area of connection
    • Connect brittle metals or metals with a large melting point difference that cannot be connected by conventional welding methods
    • Small pores or cracks outside the connection area are eliminated due to the high and uniform isostatic pressure applied.
    • No weld, heat affected zone, surface pores, inclusions, underbite, cracks and other defects produced in the traditional welding process
     
     
           Due to the different thermal expansion coefficients of different metals, dislocations and internal stresses will be generated at the interface when heated, which will affect the connection effect. HIPEX engineers have made leaps and leaps in diffusion bonding technology, developing the bonding technology between different materials, and applying the technology to a wide variety of materials, such as copper, stainless steel, tungsten alloy, cobalt-based alloy, nickel-based alloy, chromium, molybdenum, etc.

    • HIP - Near Net Shape

    HIP-NNS powder molding, high performance, cost effective

    HIP-NNS powder metallurgy refers to the use of HIP process directly sintered the product into a specified shape. In addition to the advantages of traditional powder metallurgy, HIP technology can consolidate the powder material into a denser, higher performance finished product.

    • Flexible design -- Designed to nearly the same shape as the final product, reducing raw material waste, machining procedures, and shipping time.
    • Fine and uniform grain size, with isotropic material properties - Improved wear resistance, corrosion resistance, mechanical properties, fatigue life.
    • For refractory materials – Because of high pressure, 0.8 times of the melting point is enough.
    • Uniform and densified internal texture -- No effect on ultrasonic testing.
    • No liquid phase - Minimizes segregation and improves corrosion resistance.
    • Prepare bimetallic ingot billets - Bimetallic materials can later be processed by forging and extrusion.
  • Application Areas

    Aviation Industry

    Larger size, higher performance aero-engine casing, to achieve ultra-long flight routes

          Aero engines are mainly made of aluminum alloy, titanium alloy, high temperature alloy, steel and other materials, with a variety of parts. Its forming technology is very complex and diverse. With the development of engine towards lightweight, high performance and long life, the parts must adopt high performance materials and integral forming technology to meet the above requirements.

     

        Hot isostatic pressing (HIP) has shown strong technical and economic advantages especially in the manufacturing of titanium alloy and nickel-based superalloy components. Through the HIP treatment, the parts can reach its 100% theory density, and eliminate the inherent internal defects of titanium alloy and superalloy precision casting process, such as pores, internal cracks, local porosity, etc., thus improving the overall mechanical properties of the parts, especially the fatigue performance, while reducing the cost and improving the energy efficiency.

    Gas Turbine

    Ensure stable operation of gas turbine components under ultra-high temperature and ultra-high speed environment

       As the power machine with the highest heat-power conversion efficiency so far, gas turbine is widely used in mechanical drives (such as ships and trains) and large power stations. As a kind of rotating impeller engine, gas turbine compressor blade is the core component of heavy gas turbine. Because the impeller has to work stably at 1400℃-1600℃ for a long time, it is a working environment with extremely high requirements for material quality and performance. Therefore, the blades of heavy gas turbine should be made of high temperature alloy materials.

     

       In the process of casting, slag inclusion, crack, porosity, and deformation of the material will affect the strength and performance of the blade. These defects are impossible to avoid in the production process itself, and can only be solved through the subsequent treatment. HIP is one of the important processes.

     

         After HIP treatment, the superalloy can basically eliminate the residual defects and deformation problems in precision casting, greatly improve the material performance and anti-fatigue ability, and thus significantly improve the service life of gas turbine. Compared with single crystal blade, it has a huge cost advantage. At present, the working time of heavy gas turbine blades has been improved to 30,000 to 50,000 hours, which is nearly 50% longer than the service life of traditional components without HIP treatment.

    Additive Manufacturing

    Ensure industrial application of 3D-printed materials

       In the process of additive manufacturing, defects such as pores and microcracks, residual stresses will remain inside, and the size and type of defects will be determined by the specific printing process parameters. These defects have great influence on the mechanical properties of materials, especially the fatigue properties. By HIP post treatment, these defects can be eliminated and the density of the material will reach the theoretical value.

        Fatigue strength is an important factor in some important components, such as aerospace components and medical implants. For these components, HIP processing is a routine procedure. Compared with the original material, the yield strength of HIP-treated products decreases, but the ductility increases. Due to the cooling rate of several thousand degrees per second during additive manufacturing, the material produces high yield strength. During subsequent conventional heat treatments, such as HIP and annealing, the microstructure becomes coarser, resulting in a decrease in yield strength but an increase in ductility.

    • HIP treatment can process 3D printed products quickly and in large quantities.

       Whether micro pores or large amounts of pores generated in the 3D printing process, they all can be completely eliminated by HIP processing. Therefore, there is no need to put forward high requirements for the 3D printed products processed at one time. A large number of "low quality products" can be produced first, and then the products can meet the requirements through batch processing of HIP treatment, greatly saving time and cost.

       In addition, because the pores in the material in the additive manufacturing are evenly distributed inside, the volume contraction in all directions is uniform in the process of HIP densification, and there will be no deformation as in the general powder metallurgy NNS process. At the same time, the residual stress of the product will be released.

    Other Areas

     In addition to the above focused applications, HIP technology is also used in general industry applications such as oil and gas, automotive, tooling materials, medical, consumer electronics, functional ceramics, extruders/injection molding machines, sputtering targets, and more.

     

     Welcome to join us to discuss the wider use of HIP technology!

       

  • Contact Us

    E-mail: info@hipex.cn, sales@hipex.cn

    Tel: 010-62181121 (Beijing Office)

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